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The Great Rift Valley and Beyond

Plate movements have had a profound effect on land forms, mineral wealth, and settlement across the African continent. Africa is ripping in two along the Great Rift Valley, creating opportunities and hazards. Continents all around Africa are drifting further away except Europe, which is plowing though the Mediterranean and already beginning to crash into North Africa. Spectacular scenery and rich deposits of copper, gold, and diamonds have been created by plate evolution and interactions.

Fishermen on Lake Tanganyika

Lake Tanganyika, East African Rift

Low points in the rift have created a series of enormous lakes