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Floods of Lava

Literal floods of runny, black, volcanic lava have erupted on every continent at some time in the distant past. Individual events covered millions of square kilometers (hundreds of thousands of square miles), sometimes 30 kilometers (20 miles) deep, later eroding into spectacular stair-step canyons. We will examine what these events looked like, what caused them, and their connection with plate tectonics.

Parana Traps

Parana Traps, south central Brazil

Floods of lava buried a part of Brazil the size of Mongolia 130 million years ago